--What would the soldier’s living conditions be like? I know he would live within the ...Antonia Fortress with the governor, but what would his life be like?Soldiers would sleep in barracks located in camps. Think of it like a barn, except with bunks and house soldiers rather than animals. The conditions aren't the nicest and can range from bad to terrible. There were game/common rooms though. Make shift tents/open fields would be used when on the move. I'm not sure about the Antonia Fortress however.--What luxuries would he be allowed to partake in? Would he live like a slave or more truly like an honored warrior?The past time of soldiers would be gambling and sports, occasionally having sex with prostitutes when they could. Remember that soldiesr are just ordinary people and want to do what ordinary people do. Since the Roman empire had so many soldiers, it was common to meet them every where, even on the frontiers. Games would include dice games mostly, primitive board games, and maybe card games, not sure about that one though. Sports included wrestling, racing, javelin/discus throwing, etc.--What would his attire and garments be like? Would he always be wearing armor, helmets, and cloaks, even when he was off duty? And would his clothing be more based off the style of the Roman society, or would it be similar to the Jew’s tunics?Soldiers would always carry their weapon with them. That is how someone would be able to distinguish a soldier from an ordinary person. Only on duty would they wear their armor (however you should also know that serving in the armor was considered a privilage and people had to buy their own armor so some might not even have this). If relaxing and in public, they didn't need to wear their armor. They would wear something comfortable such as a tunic that reached their knees/slightly above.--What would some of his duties be? What would be some of the orders he’d need to carry out for the governor? What would serving a Roman governor be like and what would be the reward for completing a task?Generally soldiers had three jobs. 1, defend the empire and conquer others (typical soldier duties). 2, settle the public population (think riot police, but with swords). 3, build and maintain public features such as bridges and roads (you can't always fight. To keep soldiers busy, they would be sent on tasks such as this). There is no reward, soldiers are paid. Governers don't usually control an army. They may have a private one, but not the empire's. The armies would have a general, who could decide on what to do. --What religion would he be? Would he believe in classical Roman paganism or something else?Depending on time period. The traditional Roman religion would be playing it safe, though if it's in the late Roman Empire, Christianity could be one.--What would be the price of betraying the Roman government? Would it be exile, execution, or does it just depend on the circumstances?Execution. Straight out. Roman's loved their death. Crucification was a favorite, though simply beheading someone wasn't uncommon either. Another possiblity was being turned into a slave and being forced to fight in the Arena. Generally, death was prescribed for just about every crime in ancient Rome.
So, how often would a soldier be off duty? And would he be able to do what he wanted while he was off duty?This one honestly depends. Is it a time of war? If so, he would probably get no time off. Generally, soldiers are free to do what ever they want as long as it's nothing something stupid...Also, would the soldiers be allowed to attend parties and celebrations, as was the way of RomeSoldiers can attend parties, just depends what social status is allowed into that party. Remember that the army is made of all types of people, including richer ones. Partying was something Roman's were quite fond of actually because it usually meant a lot of food and alcohol. Richer romans actually use to eat a meal, throw it up, and then have a second meal.
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