A/N: Yes, I know. I haven't posted in forever and now I give you an essay. I have to do fifteen of these for my Gov. class, and this is my week three one. I'm editing the other two. And I'm working, and I have school, and I wanted to post something and had this on hand. But never fear, my inner novelist will return for NaNo.
September 17, 1787 is a day that went down in history as the day when the United States Constitution was signed by the delegates of the Constitutional Convention. Admittedly, the document was not officially ratified until nearly two years later, which was due to certain states debating it amongst themselves. But this day marked another step toward the government system that Americans have today. Government free from a monarch. Because this was a completely new concept at the time, many were reluctant to believe that this experiment would last. Despite the doubt the Constitution and the government prevailed, and today they are still going strong due to the checks and balances within the system, the guarantee of individual rights, and the composition of Congress and the government system.
The checks and balances system is one of the most important parts of the Constitution and by extension, the government, since its formation. Because of the checks and balances system each of the three branches are allowed to limit each other, ensuring that no branch becomes too powerful. This is the balance. And the checks system makes sure that no decision within the government is made lightly. While the President can make treaties with other countries, the Senate must approve them. In addition, Congress has the ability to pass laws, which the President can veto (reject) if he does not agree with them. Although if he veto's, Congress can then go back and pass the law without his support. Notably, the members of Supreme Court are nominated by the President and approved by the Senate, but Congress can impeach them from office if they so choose. Concerning other things, the checks and balances system makes sure that the rights of the people are protected by not allowing any one branch of the government to rule over the others completely.
The Constitution protects the individual rights of the people, which is a very important thing. When the Constitution was written, the first ten Amendments made up the Bill of Rights which lists specific limits of governmental power in order to protect individuals from government abuse. Significantly, the 1st Amendment allows people to have freedom of speech, press, and religion, where other nine allow for things such as the right to keep and bear arms (2nd Am.), protection from unreasonable searches (4th), prohibition of excessive punishment and fines (8th), and our natural rights (9th). Interesting enough, these amendments are more or less fully set in stone, because in order to have them changed or added to at least two-thirds of the Senate and the House of Representatives must approve, in addition to three-fourths of the states. Without such agreement, the Constitution must remain as it is. Beyond that, the Constitution notably allows for Congress and the government to be composed the way that it is today. It's an excellent system.
Within the Constitution there are certain sections in Article 1 of the text that refer to exactly how the government and Congress are run. According to this section of the original Constitution, legislative powers were granted to Congress, which was to be divided into the Senate and the House of Representatives. Below that, section two dictates when the Members of the House shall be chosen, by whom, how old a Member should be, how both the Representatives and taxes shall be apportioned, what to do when there is a seat vacancy, and finally ends by stating that the House shall choose their speaker and officers. Where section three focuses on how the Senators can hold office, sections four and five discuss how the Elections shall take place, and who will be the judge of them, as well as how to determine and follow the Rules of Proceedings. The other sections are similar. With such strict rules in place that decree how the government shall be run, there is very little margin for error. That is why the United States has lasted as long as it has, all thanks to the wonderful men who formed our country and scripted laws that still govern us today.
The Founding Fathers knew the Government and the Constitution had to be strong, because of two reasons. One, America was a completely new country that was highly sought after, and two, they wanted her to be around for the coming generations. They wanted her to last. Interestingly enough, she did. For more then two-hundred years America has stubbornly stood and never fallen which is due to the brilliant man who formed her government and wrote her Constitution. Without either of these things, no American would be where we are today. Although determining what would work for the people was difficult, they prevailed. And today in 2013 we have a strong government system all thanks to the checks and balances, our individual rights guarantee, and the composition of both the government and the Constitution.